What is the EU tyre label?
The Tyre Labelling Regulation has been in place since 2012 and provides consumers across Europe which indicates tyre performance in three key areas: wet grip, exterior noise and rolling resistance.
Currently active regulation has been reviewed and will be replaced by Regulation (EU) 2020/740 from 1 May 2021 onwards. By this new regulation, new requirements will be introduced, and will be applicable to PSR, CVR and TBR products.
With new regulation, the appearance of the label will change, QR code and visual information on tyre performance in snow or ice conditions will be introduced on label.
In addition, The European Product Database for Energy Labelling (EPREL) has been set up under EU Regulation 2017/1369, to provide important energy efficiency information to consumers and enhance market surveillance activities and enforcement. With the introduction of the new labelling regulation, tyre suppliers are required to upload the products’ information into the database before placing them on the market. Consumers will be able to search a product in the database to consult the energy label and product information sheet.
For further information, please visit the official EU Commission website.
Introduction of Product Information Sheet
The new Product Information Sheet (PIS) is generated in the EPREL database, based on the information suppliers have reported:
• Information shown on the EU label in tabular form
• Date of start of production
• Date of end of production (will be added by manufacturer, when known)
The EU tyre label look
As it is understood from the gas pump symbol, this classification visualizes fuel efficiency rating of the tyre.
This evaluation is based on tyre’s rolling resistance performance and shown via 5 different colour-coded scales, from E (least efficient) to A (most efficient). We can also call tyres with better grading as environmentally friendly tyres, as they contribute significantly to carbon emission reduction with fuel efficiency.
Fuel consumption may also vary depending on many conditions such as the weight of the vehicle, weather condition, road condition, tire pressure and driving habit.
As it is understood from the rain drops symbol, this classification visualizes tyre's braking performance in wet conditions.
This evaluation is made with reference to the braking distance of the tyre in wet conditions, and shown via 5 different colour-coded scales, from E (longest braking distance) to A (shortest braking distance).
The braking distance may vary depending on many conditions such as the vehicle used, the weather condition and the road condition.
Important to know about fuel efficiency and wet grip:
Actual fuel savings and road safety depend heavily on the behavior of drivers, and in particular on the following:
• Eco-driving can significantly reduce fuel consumption;
• Tyre pressure needs to be regularly checked to optimize fuel efficiency and wet grip;
• Stopping distances must always be respected.
As it is understood from the loudspeaker symbol, this classification visualizes the intensity of the noise that the tyre emits as a result of contact with the road while it is in motion.
Exterior noise levels are measured in decibel (dB) and calculated in accordance with UNECE Regulation No 117. The external rolling noise class shall be determined and illustrated on the tyre label on 3 levels.
A Level Noise: 3 dB (decibels) below the legal limit.
B level Noise: Between the legal limit and 3 dB below the legal limit.
C level Noise: Above the legal limit.
The tyre, which satisfies the minimum snow grip values set out in UNECE Regulation No 117, shall be classified as a tyre for use in severe snow conditions and the following pictogram shall be included on the tyre label.
The tyre, which satisfies the minimum ice grip index values, shall include the following pictogram. The ice grip performance should be tested in accordance with reliable, accurate and reproducible methods determined by the regulation.
Important to know about ice grip tyres:
Ice grip tyres are specifically designed for road surfaces covered with ice and compact snow, and should only be used in very severe climate conditions (e.g. cold temperatures) and that using ice grip tyres in less severe climate conditions (e.g. wet conditions or warmer temperatures) could result in sub-optimal performance, in particular for wet grip, handling and wear.